Employee Benefit Plan Auditing And Financial Reporting Models
What is the ERISA Advisory Council?
Section 512 of ERISA provides for the establishment of an Advisory Council on Employee Welfare and Pension Benefit Plans, known as the ERISA Advisory Council. The duties of the council are to advise the Secretary of Labor on issues important to the administration of ERISA, and submit recommendations regarding the Secretary's functions under ERISA. The Council consists of 15 members appointed by the Secretary of Labor, and includes representatives of employee organizations, employers, the general public, and the accounting profession. Typically, the Council focuses on three to four issues each year. For each issue, the Council defines the issue to investigate, takes testimony from witnesses, and submits a report of findings and recommendations to the Secretary of Labor.
What does this study include?
According to the Issue Paper for this project, the Council's goal is to make recommendations to the Secretary of Labor with respect to ERISA's audit and financial reporting requirements; the desired outcome is to improve the Department of Labor's oversight of employee benefit plan audits. The Council plans to study the following:
In its work on the audit and financial reporting requirements, the Council will specifically be evaluating limited scope audits. At the conclusion of the study, the Council will make recommendations to the Secretary of Labor, which may call for changes to the current financial reporting model, auditing standards for benefit plans, or both.
On June 29, 2010, Marilee Lau, Chair of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) Employee Benefit Plan Audit Quality Center Executive Committee, and Michele Weldon, Chair of the AICPA Employee Benefit Plans Expert Panel, testified on behalf of the AICPA2. In its testimony, the AICPA discussed key changes in employee benefit plans from the time ERISA was enacted in 1974 to the present day.
Comparison of Employee Benefit Plans � Then and Now
Plans in 1974 �
Plans today �
The AICPA testimony focused on the key areas as follows: the limited scope audit exemption, 403(b) plan reporting and audit requirements, and health and welfare plan reporting and audit requirements. Limited Scope Audit Exemption ERISA's limited scope audit exemption allows the plan administrator to instruct the independent auditor not to perform any auditing procedures with respect to investment information prepared and certified by a qualified institution which acts as trustee or custodian of plan investments or their agent. The trustee or custodian is only required to certify as to whether the information provided to the plan sponsor is complete and accurate based on information obtained from their ordinary business records; as a result, the values reported on statements are the best available information in their systems at the time of the report. In the case of "hard-to-value" investments, the report typically includes a value provided by a third-party broker or fund company, which is not necessarily fair value, and not necessarily the value as of the year-end of the plan (i.e., the reported value may be as of the end of the prior quarter). Unless the plan administrator has engaged the trustee or custodian to provide asset valuation services, the trustee or custodian will not verify the accuracy and validity of the valuation sources. When ERISA was enacted, most benefit plans held investments for which there was a readily determinable fair value, and so the best available information in their records was typically reliable.
The AICPA recommended that the Secretary of Labor seek legislative repeal of the limited scope audit exemption, or at a minimum, allow the election to be made only for assets whose current value is based on quoted market prices for identical assets. In the event that the limited scope option is not repealed, the AICPA also made recommendations dealing specifically with the use of certifications when "alternative" or "hard-to-value" assets are held by a Plan. Finally, the AICPA recommended that the Secretary of Labor require that those electing the limited scope audit exemption be required to include the certifications with their Form 5500 filings, which would subject them to review by the Department of Labor.
Section 403b plan reporting and audit requirements
ERISA-covered 403(b) plans will be subject to the same Form 5500 reporting and audit requirements as 401(k) plans effective with the 2009 plan year. Many of these plans have existed for decades, and with no previous audit requirement, there are not adequate books and records to support a "clean" audit opinion. Due to the nature of this limitation of the audit scope, many of these plans will face receiving qualified, adverse, or disclaimers of opinion for decades. The AICPA therefore recommended that the Department of Labor allow such 403(b) plans to prepare their financial statements on a regulatory basis of accounting. This recommendation would require the development of a regulatory basis of reporting in order to provide a consistent financial reporting framework. As an alternative, the AICPA suggested that the Secretary of Labor could require plans to have an independent auditor perform an agreed-upon-procedures engagement to test certain elements and compliance matters.
Health and welfare plan reporting and audit requirements
In the case of health and welfare plans, the AICPA focused on the limited usefulness of their financial reporting as compared to the cost. Specifically, useful information regarding the plan's ability to pay benefits is not provided; the plans are not required to be funded, nor are plan sponsors typically required to fund or maintain benefits. The ultimate obligation to pay benefits rests with the plan sponsors, and therefore one must look to the plan sponsor's financial statements to evaluate the likelihood of benefits being funded. Further, the AICPA noted that the costs of these audits are frequently significantly higher than for other types of benefit plans due to the complexities of the health care systems. The AICPA recommended that the Secretary of Labor evaluate whether the costs associated with these audits for single-employer plans effectively meet the needs of users of the financial statements. As an alternative, the AICPA encouraged the use of agreed-upon-procedures.
In addition to the key areas of focus above, the AICPA made other recommendations, including:
Due to the limited time in the hearing to discuss the subject matter and the AICPA's recommendations, the AICPA also recommended that a special joint task force be established with the accounting profession to more fully consider these issues and solutions.
According to the DOL website, the next meeting of the ERISA Advisory Council is scheduled for August 31 through September 2, 2010 at the U.S. Department of Labor in Washington, DC. The Council will present its findings and recommendations to the Secretary or the Secretary's designated representative at the final meeting of the council year, which ends on November 14.